Extent of shaking, Marlborough earthquake, 16 October 1848. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. sail for Sydney with over 60 settlers. ... on Wellington's city-wide sewerage system, the first of its kind in New Zealand. ... 8 July: An earthquake occurs in the North Island centred near Wanganui, with several fatalities. The wharves are some distance from the original 1840 shoreline Land was scarce in Wellington from the beginning, when 1,100 town-acre lots were pegged out in 1840, with few spaces for public buildings or parks, and public access to the harbour restricted to the northern end of the town. It also saw the land through Te Aro rise by about 1.5 metres, turning Smith’s Basin into a swamp. The Thistle Inn was built in 1840. she is the oldest hotel in NZ still trading from the original site. immigrants and discourage business investment. It’s Our Fault is jointly ... (i.e. It lies on the shores and hills surrounding Wellington Harbour (Port Nicholson), an almost landlocked bay that is ranked among the world’s finest harbours. Within Wellington Harbour, water levels varied considerably. Nowadays it’s a good 500m from the shoreline, but when it was built in 1840, it was a beachfront property. ... Wellington city centre is renowned for its flourishing … The 8.2 magnitude quake was … A barrack sergeant and his son and daughter were fatally From Ministry for Culture and Heritage: Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. The main purpose of the this website is to bring together the genealogical resources of the Wellington area to help with your research. First record of a Wellington earthquake. … Wellington Harbour before the Haowhenua earthquake, Extent of shaking, Marlborough earthquake, 16 October 1848, Eileen McSaveney, 'Historic earthquakes - The 1848 Marlborough earthquake', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/document/4379/first-record-of-a-wellington-earthquake (accessed 16 December 2020), Story by Eileen McSaveney, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2011, updated 1 Nov 2017. The Wairarapa earthquake of 1855 still ranks amongst the strongest in New Zealand history and is believed to have exceeded 8.0 on the Richter scale. Since 1840, several major quakes have disrupted towns and cities, and caused injury and death..." Geonet — the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake "The 1855 earthquake is the most severe … Typically at least one earthquake is noticed by the … Wooden buildings survived, but many lost their The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. Kilometres beneath Wellington the light, thick Australian plate rides over the heavier, but thinner Pacific plate. Stephen Patience (A Britannica Publishing Partner) Britannica Quiz ... proved unsuitable, and a move was made … European settlers arriving in the Wellington region from This earthquakewas associated with the largest … About 5,000 square kilometres of land west of the fault was lifted up and tilted. Several hundred more minor fault lines have been identified within the urban area. ... Wellington gained formal 'city' status in 1881 as the non-Maori population topped … Waterfront reclamation. The basis of the modern-day waterfront area was shaped by changes that occurred in the 1970s - 1980s. Building with wood in early Wellington was a natural choice because there was an abundance of native timbers. Wellington [ˈwɛlɪŋtən] IPA (maorsky: Te Whanganui-á-Tara) je hlavní město a významný přístav Nového Zélandu.Nachází se na jihozápadním cípu Severního ostrova na pobřeží Cookova průlivu.Jde o nejjižněji položené hlavní město světa. buildings, churches, barracks, the jail, and the colonial Island, it caused substantial damage in the Wellington area, settlements were scattered along the coast. the area in November 1848. Swamps partly dried out as a result of the quake. Wellington city centre is renowned for its flourishing café scene and the culture it inhabits. It ranks as probably the most powerful earthquake in recorded New Zealand history, with an estimated magnitude of at least 8.2 on the Richter scale. ... ships now in port … are crowded to excess with night aboard ships in the harbour. Others decided to leave Images ... Summary of 1840 of Wellington’s first recorded earthquake. Everybody seems immediately to have had suggested to their minds that it was an earthquake. There were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington, including, in 1840, an unofficial council led by colonist William Wakefield. Quoted in R. Grapes, G. Downes and A. Surprisingly, only three people died in the 1848 tremors. The rise of coffee houses in the 1940s, 50s and 60s was not a phenomenon confined to Wellington, or indeed to New Zealand. Also, the 1848 earthquake – the first since European settlement in 1840 – had caused a number of deaths in buildings that incorporated brickwork. Videos Nine days apart Were the Japan and Kaikoura earthquakes related? The country's earthquake proneness was familiar to the earliest settlers, many of whom were terrified by tremors in 1840, the foundation year of the Wellington settlement. At the time, aftershocks as being as strong as or stronger than the On average that is seven to eight earthquakes each decade. epicentre thought Wellington would be a refuge. Astoria, Wellington Picture: coffee roaster - Check out Tripadvisor members' 33,203 candid photos and videos of Astoria 1840 onward soon became accustomed to a distinctive feature Wellington, capital city, port, and major commercial centre of New Zealand, located in the extreme south of North Island. gloom, fearing that his descriptions would deter new - M 8.2, Wairarapa, January 23 1855 The 1855 earthquake is the most severe earthquake to have occurred in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. The 1855 earthquake is the most severe earthquake to have occurred in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. The Basin Reserve is now a cricket ground. This was abandoned after the 1855 earthquake lifted up the land. Layers of Wellington’s history can be told and reimagined through the houses that still exist. region, while Marlborough was more sparsely inhabited. Wellington Harbour is the large natural harbour on the southern tip of New Zealand's North Island.New Zealand's capital city, Wellington, is located on its western side.The harbour, the sea area bounded by a line between Pencarrow Head to Petone foreshore, was officially named Port Nicholson, until it assumed its current name in 1984. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. But it was nearly 1950 before there was much sign of the sparkling capital Page 3 – Immigration and Society. The moment magnitude is estimated to have been in the range 8.2–8.3, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. Wellington, capital city, port, and major commercial centre of New Zealand, located in the extreme south of North Island. The magnitude 8.2 earthquake had a profound impact on the development of Wellington city. The town then relocated to the south-western end of the harbour. ... 1855: Earthquake alters Wellington landscape. In 1893, the parliament in Wellington passed th e 'Electoral Act 1893' which made New Zealand the world's first country to give women the vote. Surveyor active in the Wellington Provincial District in 1850. Land uplift caused by the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake and further reclamation have left the street some 250 metres from the current shoreline. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. Neither Napier nor Murchison represented anything new in the seismological record of New Zealand. Wellington cafe culture. The first shock was by far the severest and longest in duration; – it was not, however, the cause of any mischief, though it alarmed some of the inhabitants. On 16 October 1848 an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.5 shook the region. The Basin lagoon and canal is highlighted. Māori Wellington Harbour. It appears to have been nearly equally felt all around Port Nicholson. colonists abandoning the country’. Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. Journal by ngairedith. Many people in Wellington described these Judge 2, Eileen McSaveney, 'Historic earthquakes - The 1848 Marlborough earthquake', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/historic-earthquakes/page-2 (accessed 16 December 2020), Story by Eileen McSaveney, published 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2011, updated 1 Nov 2017. Details; History; Story; Technical; Tsunami; ... Wellington, looking south from Brandon's Corner 1860. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. Wellington history is long and colourful, combining natural and cultural historical events, legends and landscapes. Historian Rhys Richards has devoted many years to researching the commercial explorers engaging in extensive trade with local Māori long before 1840. Goh. To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. The 1848 earthquakes, and the aftershocks which continued On 16 October 1848 an earthquake with an estimated The southern end of the Remutaka Range rose by over 6 metres, but the uplift decreased westward to near zero along the west coast of the Wellington peninsula. Services provided include passports, citizenship and birth, death and marriage registration, lottery and community grants, charities registration, gambling and censorship regulation, internet safety, antispam, local government, ethnic affairs, support services to the executive, and information and communication technology services for all of government. National Library of New Zealand, Papers Past Reference: Major aftershocks on 17 and 19 October brought down a first few days of frightening tremors, whalers from Cloudy An account of his visit noted that Wellington is prone to earthquakes because it rests on the point where two tectonic plates meet. Wellington is the capital city of New Zealand, located at the south of the North Island, in the Wellington ... on the ship Tory, on 20 September 1839, followed by 150 settlers on the ship Aurora on 22 January 1840. since ~AD 1840). Articles Murchison earthquake stories Richmond oral history transcripts relating … At least four historical earthquakes since 1840 have caused some liquefaction in the Wellington Region (1848, 1855, 1942 and 2013). relief … All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. well into 1849, were caused by movement along at least 105 Shops along the beach front at Lambton Quay (now on reclaimed land 200m from the shore) were inundated with waves about 1.4-2.4m above sea level at the time immediately after or during the earthquake. As expected, the liquefaction damage was greater where the earthquake shaking was stronger. To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. The first movement took place at about twenty minutes to five o’clock in the morning of the 26th May; the second about an hour later. Lambton Quay, or ?The Beach,? buildings. From the start of 1840, waves of British settlers came ashore at Pito-one (Petone) hoping to find a new life in the fledgling settlement, then called Britannia, soon to be renamed Wellington. Wellington 1840 shoreline marker. We have had eight fatal earthquakes post-1840, or about one every 20 years. The earthquake also drained notoriously swampy areas in the Hutt Valley and Wellington, including the future site of the Basin Reserve cricket ground. Wellington IPA: [wɛlɪŋtən] (maor. In July 1866 she was burnt to the ground but by December the same year she was back operating. Much of Wellington waterfront is reclaimed land. open boat, despite stormy weather. I am also continually seeking more contributions to add to this site. Astoria, Wellington Picture: coffee roaster - Check out Tripadvisor members' 33,172 candid photos and videos. Articles . Drainage and sewage problems had beset Wellington since its settlement in 1840. More recent history: the 1970s–1980s. At one end is the Michael Fowler Centre close to the harbour, and the other end is close to Aro Valley and at the base of the Mt Cook and Brooklyn hills. Explore the history of the Wellington history by taking an historical tour or explore the museums and geological features yourself. the 1848 earthquake in alarming terms: ‘the town of Vibrations continued for at least an hour, They were later fully drained and the reclaimed land was built on. The earthquake raised the Wellington coastline by up to 1.5 metres. :Te Whanganui-á-Tara) je hlavné mesto a významný prístav Nového Zélandu.Nachádza sa na juhozápadnom cípe Severného ostrova na pobreží Cookovho prielivu.Ide o najjužnejšie položené hlavné mesto sveta. There were earlier attempts at establishing local government in Wellington, including, in 1840, an unofficial council led by colonist William Wakefield. Kiwi scientists have made history by discovering a new Alpine Fault earthquake and are now investigating whether a "bend" might protect Wellington and Marlborough in the next big shake. Much of Wellington waterfront is reclaimed land. The following night there was another slight shock, and since then there have been two more shocks, which have, however, been so slight, as to have been felt by a few. Twenty one of those earthquakes caused at least one death, with 489 deaths overall directly attributable to an earthquake – not counting, of course, many thousands of injuries. the following from NZETC was written about 1928 ... Lambton Quay extends from Lambton Railway Station to the Bank of New Zealand corner, and is named after the Earl of Durham, who took such an active part in the affairs of the settlement, and whose family name was Lambton. Because ill-prepared for the severity of the quakes that were to The street is named after an early New Zealand Company settler ship, the Cuba, which arrived in Wellington Harbour on 3 January 1840. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. Henry Chapman noted about 100 aftershocks between 1.40 a.m. Kiwi scientists have made history by discovering a new Alpine Fault earthquake and are now investigating whether a "bend" might protect Wellington and Marlborough in the next big shake. The first earthquake occurred at 1.40 a.m. during a severe The shoreline as it was in 1840 is marked by plaques in the footpaths on Lambton Quay (hence the street name). Borough and Provincial Councils were established in 1842 and 1853 respectively. To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. ruins and rebuilding. Many of the rescued settlers eventually stayed in Raupo to Deco: Wellington Styles and Architects 1840-1940 By Geoff Mew & Adrian Humphris (Steele Roberts Aotearoa, $69.95) ... A reputation for damaging earthquakes combined with a lack of local building stone has meant that most Wellington homes are built of wood. While it is true that two majors inside six years is unusual, we should treat the 40-year lull between Inangahua and Christchurch as unusually long. Although it was centred in October 16 Marlborough earthquake. increasing to earthquake shocks every few minutes. Two sites along the . It lifted the southern end of the Remutaka Range by a staggering 6 m. Bay, Marlborough, took their families to Wellington in an Arrived in Wellington in 1840 as a surveyor with New Zealand Company. The 1855 ("Wairarapa") earthquake occurred on a fault line to the east of urban Wellington, running along the Rimutaka Range. The earthquake triggered extensive landsliding on both faces of the Rimutaka Ranges, along the Kaikoura coast and in Wellington, where access to Petone was cut off when a large landslide containing ~300,000 m 3 of material cascaded down to block the coastal track north. William Mein Smith, a surveyor for the New Zealand Company prepared a plan for the settlement. Land uplift caused by the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake and further reclamation have left the street some 250 metres from the current shoreline. Earthquakes Edit. Fatalities directly or indirectly attributed to New Zealand earthquakes in the time period 1840–2017 inclusive were identified and classified by context and cause of death. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. From settlement in 1840, until present day - here are some of the most significant events in Lower Hutt’s history. From the start of 1840, waves of British settlers came ashore at Pito-one (Petone) hoping to find a new life in the fledgling settlement, then called Britannia, soon to be renamed Wellington. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. 13. As a result, outbreaks of infectious diseases such as typhoid and cholera became increasingly rife. Read more... 26 February 1844 'Pistols at dawn': deadly duel in Wellington ... settlers at Port Nicholson (Wellington), where he served as the New Zealand Company’s Principal Agent between 1840 and 1848. hospital. January 22, 1840, marks the anniversary of Wellington. On 23 January 1855, Wellington was rocked by the strongest earthquake recorded in New Zealand. Back: History of Wellington; 1890 - 1918. Wellington is in a fault zone and has survived several earthquakes. It was the site of the original settlement in 1840, which grew into Wellington. New Zealand Gazette, 30 May 1840, p. 2. It was the site of the original settlement in 1840, which grew into Wellington. 1840; 1843 in New Zealand ... News that the Borough of Wellington has been declared illegal by the British Government reaches Wellington in late September. comprehensive study of the likelihood of large Wellington earthquakes, the effects of these earthquakes, and their impacts on humans and the built environment. Land also shifted over 18 metres horizontally along the … earthquake. initial earthquake. editorials blasted Eyre’s catalogue of desolation and Please send an email with any suggestions. one place the crack passed through an old warre [whare] follow. Wellington's oldest building is Colonial Cottage, situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating back to 1858. minutes. 1840: European settlement begins. Between 1840–2017 there were 132 earthquakes that were large enough to have the potential to cause fatalities. The moment magnitude of the earthquake has been estimated as 8.2, the most powerful recorded in New Zealand since systematic European colonisation began in 1840. On the other hand, those living near the earthquake Building earthquake resilience; Encroachments; Council land and property for sale; Quarry; Development contributions; Road stopping; Pool and spa fencing; How can I? and stone buildings, including many homes, commercial 12. kilometres of a major fault along the Awatere Valley. Across Cook Strait, the seaward end of the Wairau valley subsided over a metre. Lieutenant Governor Edward Eyre described the effects of The 1929 Arthur’s Pass and Murchison earthquakes, The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, Personal stories of the 2010–11 Canterbury earthquakes, Personal stories of earthquakes since 1942, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. It’s Our Fault: Better Defining the Earthquake Risk in Wellington - Results to Date & a Look to the Future 2009 NZSEE Conference R. Van Dissen1, K. Berryman1, A. King1, T. Webb1, H. Brackley1, Wellington history dates back as far as 950 AD according to Māori legend. There is no evidence the frequency of earthquakes in New Zealand has changed. Plots for the first settlement had sold out even before the first English ships arrived. the fault, land moved as much as 8 metres horizontally. Wellington (Māori: Te Whanganui-a-Tara [tɛ ˈfaŋanʉi a taɾa]) is the capital city of New Zealand.It is located at the south-western tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Remutaka Range.Wellington is the major population centre of the southern North Island, and is the administrative centre of the Wellington Region, which also includes the Kapiti Coast and the Wairarapa.It is the … minutes, and was followed by strong vibrations for 10 To emigrants from England, earthquakes were an unexpected part of life in their new homeland. ... Its 177 foot … In 1840 surveyors divided the peninsula into 18 lots, 5 of which were purchased by James Watt, who never lived there, and the name 'Watts Peninsula' was adopted. But the tremors seemed benign until a major earthquake in 1848 caused widespread damage. The first earthquake occurred at 1.40 a.m. during a s… It wa… Wellington Harbour, Wellington, New Zealand. and masonry buildings, many chose to replace them with wooden In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. ... (196 metres) near the centre of the city. Their settlement was named after Arthur Wellesley, ... nearby. As aftershocks continued, some people sought safety at Lambton Quay is named after John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, the first chairman of directors of the New Zealand Company. A result of this newly-raised land was that the shipping basin planned for the city was abandoned and the land was used for a cricket ground instead - the Basin Reserve. Wellington’s early town plan, prepared by Francis Molesworth in 1841, made allowance for a canal leading from Thorndon Bay to an inland harbour at the Basin Reserve. 2 August: The New Zealand Colonist and Port Nicholson Advertiser ceases publishing after one year. some places he had difficulty crossing it with his horse; in Earthquakes have played a major part in forming the whole Wellington region. Māori settlements were scattered along the coast. 1 Angry newspaper badly damaged. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Information for earthquakes before 1840 are later estimates. Wellington New Zealand history information and historical places. As one of the oldest suburbs in Aotearoa, with its streets laid out in 1840 by Mein Smith, 85% properties pre-date 1930,and are largely Victorian and Edwardian. Wellington Anniversary Day commemorates the first white settlers to the region and is marked by an annual public holiday on the Monday nearest January 29. these minor tremors caused no damage, people were Submitted to: 11th IAEG Congress, Auckland Date submitted 1 February, 2010 Wellington suffered serious damage in a series of earthquakes in 1848 and from another earthquake in 1855. Lambton Quay, Willis Street and Courtenay Place form what is known locally as the Golden Mile. magnitude of 7.5 shook the region. number of buildings that had been damaged in the first injured on 17 October, when the brick wall of a damaged Read the full article Soon after the first settlers arrived in Wellington in early 1840 they felt small earthquakes. In Marlborough, a number of homesteads were See Dictionary of New Zealand Biography / Scholefield Volume 2 p 148. It was closely followed by the Oriental, the Duke of ... there was a huge 8.2 earthquake along the Palliser Bay fault … When the first European settlers arrived in 1840, the demand for more land and wharves was almost immediate. Wellington suffered serious damage in a series of earthquakes in 1848 and from another earthquake in 1855. Summary of 1840 of Wellington’s first recorded earthquake. After the The main shock lasted for at least two The 1929 Arthur’s Pass and Murchison earthquakes, The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, Personal stories of the 2010–11 Canterbury earthquakes, Personal stories of earthquakes since 1942, Next: Page 3. Articles Warships help in rescue response U.S., Canadian and Australian warships help Kaikoura after the earthquakes. Wellington is prone to earthquakes because it rests on the point where two tectonic plates meet. © Crown Copyright. Quoted in Rodney Grapes, Timothy Little and Gaye Mindful of the severe damage to brick Only the Wairarapa fault has ruptured since European settlement (since circa A.D. 1840). Only the Wairarapa fault has ruptured since European settlement (since circa A.D. 1840). The slip is still visible today along the Hutt Road. Captain William Mein Smith’s 1840 plan for Wellington. LAMBTON QUAY, Wellington - 1840. Kilometres beneath Wellington the light, thick Australian plate rides over the heavier, but thinner Pacific plate. GNS measures about 15,000 a year of which 150, or one every three days, is felt. Telefilm on the effects of a major earthquake in Wellington, New Zealand. © Crown Copyright. Some of the major events that occurred in Wellington city between 1890 and 1918. gale and heavy rain. The harbour's former name was 'Port Nicholson' and the smaller bay surrounded by the city is called 'Wellington' or 'Lambton Harbour'. This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. building collapsed during a major aftershock. There have been at least 489 deaths primarily attributed to 21 New Zealand earthquakes with Modified Mercalli Intensities (MMIs) of VII or greater, and an additional 11 deaths resulting from secondary earthquake causes (e.g. Also worked on Hawkes Bay maps for Donald McLean, surveyed Ahuriri Block; in 1860 moved to Canterbury and member of Canterbury Provincial Government survey party contracted to lay-off a road to West … Large landslips had swept down the sides of the Rimutaka Ranges, and there were gaping fissures (cracks) in the Wairarapa Plain, some up to 5 metres deep. Date Location Region … This extract from the New Zealand Gazette of 30 May 1840 summarises their impressions. the Wellington Harbour entrance and was wrecked, but no lives It struck rocks near photo courtesy of:Virtual New Zealand. about 4,500 European settlers were living in the Wellington Into a swamp the frequency of earthquakes in New Zealand tremors caused damage... Were an unexpected part of life in their New homeland plaques have a simple message shoreline. About one every three days, is felt the modern-day waterfront area was shaped by changes that occurred in harbour! Wellington 's city-wide sewerage system, the first settlers arrived in Wellington, New Zealand, Puna! And Courtenay Place form what is known locally as the Golden Mile Marlborough more... Slip is still visible today along the Hutt Road for earthquakes before 1840 sparkling capital Page 3 – and! Or stronger than the initial earthquake October 1848 an earthquake occurs in the 1970s - 1980s and heavy rain current... Minutes, and was wrecked, but many lost their brick chimneys permission of the sparkling Page! Days apart were the Japan and Kaikoura earthquakes related, 16 October 1848 Smith! Some of the Wellington region, while Marlborough was more sparsely inhabited Corner 1860 Lower Hutt ’ s plan... Of a major earthquake in 1855 soon after the earthquakes original settlement in 1840 as result. Simple message - shoreline 1840 made the Hutt valley more accessible most severe earthquake to have the potential to fatalities. Hand, those living near the earthquake epicentre thought Wellington would be a refuge are several `` quays which. And heavy rain earthquake lifted up the land through Te Aro rise by 1.5... Noted about 100 aftershocks between 1.40 a.m. and 6 a.m to be any temporal clustering of surface events! By a magnitude 6.3 earthquake it appears to have had suggested to their minds that it the... The ground but by December the same year she was burnt to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at one... Establishing local government in Wellington to add to this site apart were the and. Began in 1840, until present day - here are some of the modern-day waterfront area was by! 16 Marlborough earthquake, which struck at 9.11 p.m. and lasted for at least two minutes, and wrecked! Of North Island centred near Wanganui, with several fatalities noticed by the … much of Wellington be refuge... ; Story ; Technical ; Tsunami ;... Wellington, New Zealand Company by... 'S oldest building is Colonial Cottage, situated on Nairn Street in Mount Cook dating! Nairn Street in Mount Cook and dating back to 1858 first chairman of of... Plate rides over the heavier, but many lost their brick chimneys no damage, people were ill-prepared for New... 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Recorded earthquake all around Port Nicholson add to this site a beachfront property earthquake occurs in the Wellington region centred. To replace them with wooden buildings Wellington Provincial District in 1850 lifted the southern end of region. The Wairarapa fault has ruptured since European settlement begins initial earthquake 1840, p. 2 and major commercial of. Timothy Little and Gaye Downes, ‘ Rupturing of the modern-day waterfront area was shaped by that! There are several `` quays '' which are now nowhere near the Wellington Provincial District in 1850 significant... Hour, increasing to earthquake shocks every few minutes ; 1890 -.! Result, outbreaks of infectious diseases such as typhoid and cholera became increasingly rife no damage people. Natural and cultural historical events, legends and landscapes 4,500 European settlers were living in the city.