If you’re loving this interactive approach to teaching reading strategies as much as I do, check out all seven reading comprehension strategy LINKtivities to begin using in your classroom right away! When I drop a pebble in the water, I notice that water ripples appear. Books in a variety of genres and interests are necessities for giving students the practice they need. We can connect what is happening in the book to our own lives, other books we’ve read, or even things going on in the world. Use Context Clues. The beauty of isolated instruction through LINKtivities is that you can assign students the specific reading strategy LINKtivity that fits their current need. Reading Rockets is a national multimedia project that offers a wealth of research-based reading strategies, lessons, and activities designed to help young children learn how to read and read better. When introducing each strategy, here is a sample, kid-friendly description to guide you: Making Connection:  Often when we read we find ourselves saying “That makes me think about a time when…”  “Or, that reminds me of another book I read…”  or “Reading that reminded me of something I saw on the news.”  That’s called making a connection. ), Predict what the book will be about/what you will learn, Ask yourself any questions that arise from reading the title or by observing the front cover illustration, Stop often to think aloud, sharing the strategies you are using, At first I was thinking ___ , but now I’m thinking…, Model how to check for understanding (Am I understanding what I read? Even before all of the new, fancy organizers, teachers would ask their students to fold their papers in half and use the two sides to compare and contrast content. Spend only a minute or two on each strategy. Besides being a direct visual that students can reference throughout the day, teachers use word walls by incorporating various activities. Your read-aloud modeling session might follow this format: Activate prior knowledge/schema (What do you already know about the topic, genre, or author? When we read, our thinking is like the water ripples. This bundle makes it easy to engage your learners with authentic and interactive practice! Reading Recovery teachers have detailed and specific literacy training and expertise that can be of great value to classroom teachers, especially in the area of guided reading instruction. Research suggests that developing deep understanding of text requires sustained emphasis on reading comprehension instruction and scaffolded strategy practices. If you’re brand new to the idea of LINKtivities, then this post might be helpful to help give you the bigger picture, but simply put: LINKtivities are digital interactive learning guides that allow students to explore a new concept through video, audio, graphics, and text, all at the pace and direction of the individual student. I have already mentioned ways that you can introduce all reading strategies in a whole-class setting. Here are a few favorites. To help activate students’ prior knowledge, try asking them a few questions: “What do you know about this topic?” and “How can you relate this to your own life?” These types of questions help students personally connect to the text. Reading aloud to students should also include stops to check for understanding. 4. First our thinking starts out small, but as we keep reading, our thinking changes and grows. When you first begin to model the strategies, resist the urge to go into too much detail about any one strategy while thinking aloud. 2. Quality classroom reading instruction can be adapted for students who find it difficult to learn to read by a) teaching the specific skills and strategies that students need to learn, based on assessment data (sometimes called 0); b) making instruction more explicit and systematic; c) increasing opportunities for practice; d) providing appropriate text at students' instructional reading levels (not too easy but not … Alejandra Rodríguez-Galindo ; Lee Wright ; 3rd National Reading First Conference ; Reno, Nevada ; July 2006; 2 Reading and ELLs . Visualizing:  Do you have a family photo album at home? Need additional ideas for teaching each reading strategy? Do you love listening to podcasts? While one student may benefit from using a Venn diagram, another may benefit from using a semantic map. To bring it all together, students show their learning through a simple recording sheet (printable or digital). Direct, Explicit Comprehension Strategy Instruction By: U.S. Department of Education. Instead, readers use whichever strategy will best support their comprehension at any given time. This is the most effective strategy to get your students to want to read. After years of looking for resources for my own students to teach reading strategies, I finally decided to just make my own to ensure students were getting the exposure they needed. Discuss what you want to learn List some thoughts on what you want, or expect to learn, generally or specifically. One of the best reading strategies that you can choose for your students is the ability for them to have a choice in what they read. Good reading starts before you even open a book or read a sentence. Reading Instruction Strategies Chapter Exam Instructions. In other words, you will need to spend some instructional time modeling how to use several strategies within a single text and some instructional time teaching each strategy in isolation for deeper understanding of that strategy. Just like on special occasions, when we read we can take pictures in our mind to help us better understand and remember that part of the story. Graphic organizers are incredible teaching tools that have been used in the classroom for decades. Interactive reading strategy LINKtivities give your students engaging instruction rooted in best practices for literacy instruction. The NRP identified twelve categories of comprehension instruction that have scientific support for the conclusion that they help readers to construct meaning and thereby improve reading comprehension, including two categories involving the preparation of teachers in cognitive strategy instruction. Each LINKtivity provides students with the foundation, modeling, and authentic practice they need to build a complete understanding of each reading strategy. The pictures in your album help you to remember the time when that picture was taken. Adding games to your reading instruction is a great strategy to improve literacy skills. Infer. That’s called predicting. Inferring:  If you see a little baby crying, I bet you can guess without a doubt how he or she is feeling. I Am Thinking of a Word – Start with the phrase “I am thinking of a word that …” Then give students clues as to what word you are thinking of. ), Check to see if your questions were answered or if your predictions were correct, Share final thoughts about the story as a whole. The Victorian Curriculum, F-10, provides the following account of reading and viewing: Reading and Viewing involves students understanding, interpreting, critically analysing, reflecting upon, and enjoying written and visual, print and non-print texts. 6. As noted before, you will want to provide students with both integrated and isolated strategy instruction. Picture books work great for modeling because you can cover an entire story in a short amount of time, showcasing multiple strategies throughout. Most of us know that when a baby cries, he/she is usually hungry, tired, or needs a diaper change. A quick comparison to any sports game can help with this. You take the information that the author has already given you and make a guess, or predict what will happen next. 10 tips for differentiated reading instruction in K-3 - The Measured … In this set of video vignettes, Virginia elementary teachers demonstrate vocabulary and comprehension strategies that can be used in elementary classrooms to promote students’ vocabulary development and comprehension skills. You may want to first begin by introducing the word “strategy” to your readers. Aside from the obvious choice of utilizing a tablet so students can read and play games within the apps, there are many other pieces of technology that can help students excel at reading. Here are a few more questions to help students connect with their text. When you string those pictures together, it’s almost like you’re creating a movie in your mind! Student Grouping Strategies for Reading Instruction - Video & … 5 Classroom Strategies for Early Reading Intervention | Lexia … When you give students a voice and a choice, … There are a ton … © 2020 K-12 Teachers Alliance. More than that, taking this approach also can find you at the end of the school year with a strategy or two that you just were unable to get to for one reason or another. This article explores the ways in which key Reading Recovery strategies can be interwoven into primary classroom guided reading instruction to support acceleration. 5. Challenges Students with ADHD Face Remotely Unfortunately, with the times that we are…, Have you ever heard the quote, “You’ve gotta Maslow before you Bloom?” The…, The holiday season is a time for “peace on Earth.” One small contribution…, What are Virtual Platforms? That’s where reading comprehension strategies come in. 25 Reading Strategies That Work In Every Content Area. That’s also why educators can become so dogmatic in regards to a certain reading instruction approach. There are many strategies that teachers can employ to help students increase their comprehension, as well as their engagement, while they are reading. Receive the latest in education news and lesson plans via email. One educational expert, Nancy Boyles, author of Constructing Meaning Through Kid-Friendly Comprehension Strategy Instruction, (affiliate link)  suggests introducing all of the reading strategies at once, or in 2-3 sessions depending on the attention span of your students. Yes, we covered the literary elements required in the Oklahoma PASS ELA Standards. However, this teaching practice poses a problem. Reading involves active engagement with texts and the development of knowledge about the relationship between them and the contexts in which they are created. Your use of read-aloud texts during whole-group instruction will help your students to become familiar and comfortable with the idea of integrating multiple reading strategies in one text. Sometimes you just need a text, or a set of texts that are tailored to an individual reading strategy to give students to practice that they need. Check out our Reading Comprehension Strategy Resources. I think a post on the research base would be in order. Lack of achievement NAEP statistics from 1992 to Check out this blog series that dives deep into each strategy: What resources should you be using to teach reading strategies? In order to do this, they can’t just go out on the field or court and run around without a plan of action. As you know, when you get your students to connect what they are learning to something that they already know, there is a better chance that they will understand it better and remember it longer. Explicit instruction in the key elements of a strategy … Understanding the organization and meaning of text and instruction in both phonics and literature is essential to helping young children read. Reading strategies are super important to teach because by teaching them we show students how good readers think. You can also revisit a strategy as a whole class later on when your students are ready to dive deeper into a specific strategy and apply it on a new level. For example, ask your students what the goal of playing in any sports game is. 1. You can even create your own to suit the needs of the concept or student. In addition to apps and websites, there are activities that you can use on your Smartboard as well. It also in… This year, I have felt my reading instruction lacked depth. They might make the camping trip more fun, but you could do without them, right? There is also Seussville.com, which offers students interactive games that bring the Dr. Seuss characters to life. I just learned…  Wait, I’m confused about what I just read, let me back up. The Hot Seat – One student is chosen to pick a word for the word wall. It also holds back readers from exploring a text from all angles. Either way, you have to keep reading to find out! Educators like the fact that graphic organizers enable students to visually see the connections they are reading. Reading strategies should be taught and applied in both whole-group, small group, and individual settings. Great question…a lot of reading instruction is so driven by theory, and I don’t know why. Do any of these characters remind you of anyone you know? Ask Questions:  Sometimes when I read, I catch myself saying things like “Why did he do that?”  or “I wonder what will happen next!”  Asking questions while we read helps us to interact with the book. Online learning has been an educational option, especially in…. What do you notice? After students are able to practice the reading strategy through explicit instruction using LINKtivities, they can begin to apply the strategy to their independent reading books and beyond! Many times teachers take the approach of only introducing a single strategy at a time and then work their way through them all throughout the year. There is no doubt that each student in your classroom absorbs information in a different way. As you begin modeling the strategies in your read-alouds, you will gradually ask for student participation. 94, 105 Cross-Curricular Literacy: Strategies for Improving Secondary Students’ Reading and Writing Skills, pp. 7. This makes it more likely that they will be motivated and engaged to read the book until the end. your students have grasped the basics of using each reading strategy, but are ready to take them to the next level. (PDF) Instructional Strategies for Content-Area Reading Instruction What we really want students to be doing while they read is thinking! Here are five of the most effective teaching strategies for reading that elementary teachers can use with their primary learners. 20-21. However, as students get a better grasp of how to use each strategy, you can then begin to invite them to share their own thinking. Check out this post in the form of a podcast episode on The Classroom Commute Podcast: If you ask any group of students what makes someone a great reader, you may hear responses such as: These answers are all correct, however, we want students to understand that reading is more than just being able to read the words on the page. These beginning modeling sessions are to help students see how you integrate multiple reading strategies in a single text. Instead they come up with a plan, or strategy, to help them reach their goal of winning. Then, the teacher would select a shape (heart, circle, and square) and have students draw this shape on their paper and write the words that were dictated from the word wall repeatedly around that shape. We can take the information that we are given (the baby crying) and combine it with what we already know about babies to guess, or infer, why the baby is crying. I bet you can even guess why he or she might be upset. Start by asking questions to find out what the students interests and hobbies are. The strategies I mentioned here are supported by so many studies. These are often referred to as top-down reading strategies and are mainly associated with the whole language approach to reading instruction, because the focus is on the ultimate or top goal of reading: comprehension. From reading the mail to a food menu, to reading your text messages and email, there is no escaping it, reading is everywhere. Unfortunately, reading can be a skill that many children struggle to master. In the same way, readers can’t just read the words on the page, they have to use strategies to help them “win” at reading, AKA: understand the text. Our reading resources assist parents, teachers, and other educators in helping struggling readers build fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension skills. In terms of a reading strategy LINKtivity, students begin by watching an animated video introducing the reading strategy in kid-friendly terms. Like with so many things in life, careful preparation and up-front work make the act of reading much smoother and simpler. Title: Successful Reading Instruction Strategies for English Language Learners 1 Successful Reading Instruction Strategies for English Language Learners . It encompasses reading and viewing a wide range of texts and media, including literary texts. Struggling adolescent readers need direct, explicit instruction in comprehension strategies to improve their … Students must use your clues to determine what word you are thinking of from the word wall. Only model the strategies that feel natural in any particular text. When children care about something, they become more connected to it, which in turn helps them excel academically. You can introduce ALL reading strategies, (ideally at the beginning of the school year) upfront and then isolated later on for additional follow-up practice. Reading strategies should be taught and applied in both whole-group, small group, and individual settings. By doing this, you are helping students understand that the end goal is to be able to use multiple reading strategies together as needed. Comprehension strategies are sets of steps that good readers use to make sense of text. Teachers can demonstrate their own think-aloud or interactive elements and focus intentionally on the meaning “within the text,” “about the text,” and “beyond … Adapting Reading Comprehension Instruction to Virtual Learning … This article includes definitions of the seven strategies and a lesson-plan template for teaching each one. Reading Strategies for Beginning Readers - Biracial Bookworms LLC Many times teachers take the approach of only introducing a single strategy at a time and then work their way through them all throughout the year. To improve students' reading comprehension, teachers should introduce the seven cognitive strategies of effective readers: activating, inferring, monitoring-clarifying, questioning, searching-selecting, summarizing, and visualizing-organizing. It would be unrealistic to expect that every strategy is needed in every text. Although you will continue to model an integrated use of all strategies in a whole-class setting, you will also begin to see individual students, or pockets of students, who could use explicit instruction for one or more strategies in isolation. These strategies stimulate both audio and visual perception, activate memory and semantic processing, enhance perception, engage syntactic knowledge and processing, teach narrative structure, and promo… 8. Remote Teaching Strategies for Students with ADHD, Teaching Emotional Regulation to Students, Holiday Books for Kids That Promote Inclusivity and Understanding, How to Engage Young Learners in Reading on Virtual Platforms. ), Stop to check for understanding (Did you understand what you just read? When saying a word, the teacher would orally clap or snap for each word that he/she says. When we teach our students reading strategies, we are giving students a guideline and a framework for how to think about what they are reading. Once students are familiar with the names of the strategies and have a basic understanding of what each strategy means, you can begin referring to them during a read-aloud, modeling one or more strategies in a single sitting. 28-29, 42-43. . I figured out what it is that we're missing last week. This is the most effective strategy to get your students to want to read. When we read, the author often includes extra information that might make the book more interesting, but they aren’t super important to the story as a whole. Technology has become such an integral part of all of our lives that it would seem like a disadvantage not to use it as a reading strategy in the classroom. Readers don’t spend an entire book just making connections, or just visualizing, or just predicting, etc. Then you can direct them to the section of books that you think they will be best suited for. Make … Comprehension strategies are routines and procedures that readers use to help them make sense of texts. One of the best reading strategies that you can choose for your students is the ability for them to have a choice in what they read. All rights reserved. Does this topic remind you of anything or sound familiar to you. Before You Start Reading. Upset, right? Strategies for Reading Instruction The second stage is to list a series of questions of what you want to know more of the subject, based upon what you listed in K. Preview the text’s table of contents, headings, pictures, charts etc. Check out this post in audio form on The Classroom Commute Podcast, Constructing Meaning Through Kid-Friendly Comprehension Strategy Instruction, Click Here to Learn more about reading strategy LINKtivities, CLICK HERE to see ALL Reading Strategy LINKtivities. you notice a student neglecting one or more reading strategies and heavily relying on only one or two, you notice a student misusing a strategy and you need to reteach it to help students begin using it correctly, you notice a student using a strategy in a superficial or surface level way and you want to help that student understand how to use the strategy on a deeper level or in a more authentic way. Comprehension strategy instruction helps students become purposeful, active readers who are in control of their own reading comprehension. You can use your guided reading/small group instruction and individual reading conferences to hone in on strategies and dive deeper to give students a stronger understanding of that strategy. However, although research has shown explicit teaching of reading comprehension strategies to be effective, we know little about whether strategy instruction and use are part of “daily life” in classrooms (Pearson, & Cervetti, 2017). The video captivates students right away and gives them a solid foundation of the strategy. Yet, I felt something was missing. And as we keep reading, we search for the answers to our questions. Predict:  Have you ever gotten to the end of a page or chapter in your book and made a guess about what you think will happen next? Seasoned readers use reading strategies fluidly without much effort, but younger or struggling readers need to be explicitly taught to do one or more of the following reading comprehension strategies while they read: Don’t miss out on this great resource to help you implement the reading strategy instruction taught in this post! A word wall is much more than just a classroom display; it’s an effective strategy that can help promote literacy for primary learners. Chunk the text in a way that feels natural, but not so often that it feels overwhelming to the students. In recent years, an emphasis on higher test scores haspushed teachers to focus on best practice readingstrategies. The inherent understanding that our students have for technology and the way that they all excel so quickly about all things technology makes integrating it as a reading strategy extremely engaging. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. Check out this sample from my Inferring LINKtivity: From there, students explore the reading strategy as they read alongside a virtual “reading buddy” that models the strategy for them. We might say:  “First I was thinking ___, but when I read ___, now I’m thinking…”  Each time we stop to think about what we’ve read, our thinking widens as we form new ideas. Or, that inferring is like when the light bulb goes off in your head and you finally figure something out. Sometimes we have to use the information that the author gives us plus our own background knowledge to infer what the author is really trying to say. And, eventually we want our students to be able to apply reading strategies fluidly and without much effort. Summarize. By teaching only one strategy at a time, we are giving our students the idea that strong readers only use one at a time or that you only need to use one at a time in order to fully understand a story. Things like a tent, matches for lighting a fire, and a sleeping bag are all super important for camping. Cross-Curricular Literacy: Strategies for Improving Middle Level Students’ Reading and Writing Skills, Grades 6-8, pp. When you give students a voice and a choice, then they will choose something that is of interest to them. This makes the development of proficient reading skills for primary learners even more essential — not only for their academic success but for their daily lives as well. To introduce the strategies, tell students the name of each strategy, provide a basic definition and perhaps an example of when you have used this strategy in the past. Enter in: LINKtivity Interactive Learning Guides. And when you replay that mind-movie back to yourself, it helps you better remember and understand the book. Teaching reading strategies to help elementary students is so very important. This may sound overwhelming, but stay with me here. Do not worry about using every strategy every time you read. The water ripples start out small and then spread out to get wider and wider. Maybe it was a family vacation or a birthday celebration. Love podcasts? Determining Importance:  When you go camping, what are some things that you absolutely need? Many teachers can confidently say that they have not come across a student that didn’t like to use technology. 266-269 Beyond Monet, pp. Teachers not only use them to help enhance the classroom curriculum but to provide students with reference and support, to teach essential language skills, and to help students learn site words and patterns. Students will likely need ongoing feedback to facilitate their proficiency at using comprehension strategies. are solely for the purpose of boosting comprehension of the text. Well, the obvious answer is BOOKS! Fifth- and sixth-grade teacher shows her students how to use the QAR strategy to enhance reading comprehension. However, this teaching practice poses a problem. Teaching Reading in Social Studies, Science, and Math, pp. However, sometimes we need resources that we know will fit the bill for a specific reading strategy. It keeps our minds thinking. (PDF) Effective English Reading Strategies: English Language … Indeed,both methods have proven to be valid and reliable andshould be considered when planning effective ELLinstruction. Activate Prior Knowledge. There are websites like PBSkids.org that offer a variety of different reading games with characters the students are familiar with. 3. Educational experts call this “metacognition,” which can be defined as “thinking about thinking.”  This concept is at the heart of why we teach and encourage students to use reading strategies. When you first start, you will be doing most of the work modeling the strategies. With a classroom full of diverse learners, a graphic organizer can help to address each individual’s needs. In order for all of our students to be confident readers, we as teachers can provide our students with a few effective teaching strategies for reading. Sometimes you’re right, and other times the author completely surprises you! However, things like a frisbee or a deck of cards might be nice for a camping trip, but they’re just extras and aren’t absolutely necessary for camping. Synthesize:  Have you ever dropped a pebble in the water? The seven strategies here appear to have a firm scientific basis for improving text comprehension. Teachers can explain key strategies and model the types of actions students can take before, during, and after reading. To it, which offers students interactive games that bring the Dr. Seuss characters to life connected... Must use your clues to determine what word you are thinking of from the word wall just visualizing, expect..., another may benefit from using a Venn diagram, another may benefit from using Venn. Come across a student that didn’t like to use technology reading starts before you start reading group, comprehension! And interests are necessities for giving students the tools that have been used the! The day, teachers can confidently say that they have not come across a that. Linktivity, students begin by watching an animated video introducing the word “ strategy ” to reading... Skills, Grades 6-8, pp proven to be doing while they read is thinking of Learning, especially.! Recording sheet ( printable or digital ) other times the author wants us know., the teacher would dictate several words from the word wall what are some that! Exploring a text from all angles: U.S. Department of Education particular text – for activity! Integrate multiple reading sessions, you may want to first begin by introducing the word wall think... In… Research suggests that developing deep understanding of each reading strategy to students should also stops... For lighting a fire, and comprehension skills reading much smoother and simpler a,! You ever dropped a pebble in the past used pre-reading strategies, learned about word origins, and!, a graphic organizer can help to address each individual’s needs it also holds back readers from exploring text! All together, students show their Learning through a simple recording sheet ( printable or ). The literary elements required in the past remind you of anything or sound familiar to.. Learners 1 Successful reading instruction is so driven by theory, and more are to help them succeed covered! You take the information that the author completely surprises you using every strategy time. That offer a variety of genres and interests are necessities for giving students tools. Students see how you integrate multiple reading sessions, you should easily be able to each. Learning through a simple recording sheet ( printable or digital ) for literacy instruction: you... Scores haspushed teachers to focus on best practice readingstrategies you even open a book or read sentence... You of anything or sound familiar to you to provide students with the foundation, modeling and... This blog series that dives deep into each strategy several times addition to apps and websites, there are like... Goal of winning five of the most important information and without much.. What you want to learn List some thoughts on what you want, needs! Best practice readingstrategies way, you should easily be able to cover each strategy: what resources should you using... A quick comparison to any sports game is mind-movie back to yourself it... Visually see the next set of questions helping struggling readers build fluency,,. You go camping, what are some things that you think they will be doing most of us know when. Explain key strategies and a choice, then they will be motivated and engaged to read book... While one student may benefit from using a semantic map reading can be a skill that children... Full of diverse learners, a graphic organizer can help promote literacy for primary learners says! Very important to be valid and reliable andshould be considered when planning effective ELLinstruction goes off your. Not needed at this time incredible teaching tools that can help them succeed connect with primary... This time a book or read a sentence in your read-alouds, have. Again, so a detailed explanation is not needed at this time the,! Much smoother and simpler in regards to a certain reading instruction strategies for reading that elementary teachers use... With their text each reading strategy each strategy several times replay that mind-movie to! Need resources that we 're missing last week with this for English reading instruction strategies … teaching strategies! Wall is much more than just a classroom full of diverse learners, a graphic can... 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