Changing the key, i.e., replacing it by a new key. 0000307437 00000 n 0000370074 00000 n Also, this list will make you more aware of the threats that lie in wait for you around every internet corner. Internet of Things (IoT) devices are rapidly becoming ubiquitous while IoT services are becoming pervasive. So you'll see many of the most common security acronyms on the list, and some that are more obscure. 0000001748 00000 n endstream endobj 352 0 obj <>/Metadata 18 0 R/Pages 349 0 R/StructTreeRoot 23 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 353 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 595.32 841.92]/Parent 349 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 354 0 obj <>stream startxref 0000375634 00000 n 0000003864 00000 n 0000004165 00000 n greater risk from cyber crime, then the 10 Steps to Cyber Security2 can further help your approach to cyber security. Jitter. Updated code from Microsoft that addresses a specific security problem. We welcome your comments and experiences on using the Lexicon. 0000003899 00000 n The Security Encyclopedia from HYPR makes it easy for anybody to understand the concepts and terminology of the information security industry. Indianapolis,IN: Pearson Education Inc., 2015. system and network security terms, nor is it a compendium of every acronym and abbreviation found in system and network security documents published by NIST. &`����֨`�C��~��={�WJ����媳N(�����>�_�������z�9n pЍQ 0000234454 00000 n Cyber security: A technique for protecting computers, networks, programs, and data from unauthorized access or hackers for exploitation. 0000392003 00000 n • Deploy strong packet filtering firewalls Accountability in the cyber security space entails ensuring that activities on supported systems can be traced to an individual who is held responsible for the integrity of the data. It is rooted in traditional computer science, but has Accountability – Is the principle that an individual is entrusted to safeguard and "Cybersecurity" is a set of techniques for protecting an organization’s digital infrastructure—including networks, systems, and applications—from being compromised by attackers and other threat actors. 0000003304 00000 n Print. Prowse, David L. CompTIA®Security+ SY0‐401ertGuide,Deluxe Edition,Third Edition. Hotfix. 372 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<8ADAA984845547499C67D7AFD4531F3C><19592980AF94DA439778C0775C1E7D01>]/Index[351 83]/Info 350 0 R/Length 108/Prev 303662/Root 352 0 R/Size 434/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream 10 tape rotation A backup rotation scheme in which ten backup tapes are used over the course of two Cyber Security Terminology Dr. Nilu Singh Assistant Professor School of Computer Applications Babu Banarasi Das Crypojacking: A hacking attack that makes the device mine cryptocurrency, in addition to its normal use. 0000007563 00000 n REFERENCE: Glossary on Cybersecurity Terms Dear CIP Member: HudsonAnalytix – Cyber (HA-Cyber), as an Associate member of the CIP, and as an active member of the Technical Advisory Group on Port Safety and Security, is pleased to provide this glossary of commonly used cybersecurity terms for your use and dissemination. 1. It complements other lexicons such as the NISTIR 7298 Glossary of Key Information Security Terms. The robots are spread by trojan horses and viruses. 0000376150 00000 n As we announced when the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) ... struggle to justify in terms of cost. 0000012936 00000 n 0000352849 00000 n Cyber Security Terms: Must-Know List. Threats. Access Cross Domain Solution. 4݀vU��2��D Let’s get to work on decrypting some of the jargon. Cyber Essentials helps you to guard against the most common cyber threats and demonstrate your commitment to cyber security. The places that use the key or keys Information Security Policy Regulations, rules, and practices that prescribe how an organisation manages, protects, and distributes information. This glossary includes most of the terms in the NIST publications. Application(s) An application is a small software program that runs on your computer and accomplishes one specific task. h�b```������@��(�����};�����Ȫ:����^�� V�ѱm�CA��6J3Ů�% �20�0 fk6� a glossary of common cybersecurity terminology on its website, including commonly used acronyms. cyber incident. Breach 0000090724 00000 n 0000403875 00000 n h�bbd```b``� ��5 �� Adware can be defined as a bundle of programs that is designed to bombard users with advertisements. 0000003437 00000 n 0000386390 00000 n 0000306742 00000 n A report by RiskBased Securityrevealed that a shocking 7.9 billion records have been exposed by data breaches in the first nine months of 2019 alone. 6 59 0000162432 00000 n Introduction to Cyber Security C4DLab Hacking. 15 A set of programs that tell a computer to perform a task. 0000370322 00000 n A nomenclature and dictionary of security-related software flaws. 0000001476 00000 n This glossary provides a central resource of terms and definitions most commonly used in NIST information security publications and in CNSS information assurance publications. endstream endobj 7 0 obj <> endobj 8 0 obj <> endobj 9 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 10 0 obj <> endobj 11 0 obj <> endobj 12 0 obj <> endobj 13 0 obj <> endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <> endobj 16 0 obj [/ICCBased 31 0 R] endobj 17 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 15 32 0 R] endobj 18 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 15 34 0 R] endobj 19 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 15 36 0 R] endobj 20 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 15 38 0 R] endobj 21 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 255 40 0 R] endobj 22 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 255 42 0 R] endobj 23 0 obj <>stream New to cyber security? 0000015576 00000 n Interdisciplinary Communication with Standardized Cyber Security Terminology: A Literature Review,” IEEE Access, Volume 4, 2016 1.1 Motivation Cyber security is a popular field of study with a growing body of research, though it is still in its nascence relative to other fields [77,78]. p�M$v� k �E#�=�;��C�&��yӘ� dF9[�SA"� ܱ�D#���53(`&�ʎ�"xW�N��n�i�G��]3ɋ�J�h��q;tpG���+ �!ԑ�H$��� Medical services, retailers and public entities experienced the most breaches, wit… 0000162531 00000 n 0000353052 00000 n Well, before you get into advanced persistent threat analysis and sandboxing, it might behoove you to bank a little vocab. Introduction to Cyber Security C4DLab Hacking. Compiled by: Cyber Security Division, MISS-DND Page 3 of 130 Access type- The privilege to perform action on an object; Read, write, execute, append, modify, delete, and create are examples of access types. PDF Download: Get ISO 27001 certified first time; Whitepaper: Building the Business Case for ISMS; ISMS Software Solutions – The Key Considerations; Blog; Close; Partners; FAQs ; Contact; Book Your Demo; Login; Safely move on from COVID-19. This chapter contains a glossary of abbreviations and cyber security terms used in the Australian Government Information Security Manual. x�b``�```d J�Ps\`� P���� ����}�������#�@a&F� "�L�A��~P���ǕĠ����!X?��%ف�Q��.�?M��.\a\����V��Aj��v�L 0000002470 00000 n It is rooted in traditional computer science, but has recently gained prevalence in other fields. Cyber security is an important concern for every organization. The robots are spread by trojan horses and viruses. Glossary of Key Information Security Terms, which can also serve as a focal point for developing common terminology within the emergency management community. Cyber attacks come in many shapes and sizes, but … 0000002340 00000 n Information Leakage. A security mechanism is a device designed to provide one or more security services usually rated in terms of strength of service and assurance of the design. The main aim behind it is to redirect the user’s search requests to advertising websites and collect marketing data. Learn more about common and not so common cybersecurity terminology. Cybersecurity 101: Terminology What Is Cybersecurity? This list includes terms we hear security professionals using at SecureWorld regional cybersecurity conferences every year, and some we've heard once or twice over the years. ^��d�ڷ���R��V��F;��I�|��7��ɨ�~��o�d��?�u�{.4ѫ�bc�Z?�������ُ��+�ѱ޶�n[���m��۩Ѕ*{���&�=����D��_G_� >h���1��W Adware. It also contains nearly all of the terms and definitions from CNSSI-4009. Introduction to Cyber-Security C4DLab June , 2016 Christopher, K. Chepken (PhD) CyberSecurity. h��Ymo��+�x�6��p��%�ȵE���.��b��PG6$�p��}�\ٲD���IqI>�3�g(���VF{�N��h�'�6(��6*g mR�Fe�V�Z����H*9Fke���cet�@l���>6e8�䨌[email protected]�I�09ie�FMҘ�H�[email protected]��H�A�Y���"� ��ȉX)*�"WJ���V�E�(J>�������D��5�@�p���c�E�`�Q���*#+���(�� )f�2/�9MN�8�tjd$�feT�^%���.9��Q�::yĊ�=Vz��q�����?��OZ:'s� Security . CYBER CRIME/HACKER TERMINOLOGY ... to expose the security weaknesses of a particular system and then notify the “victim” of their success. Cyber Security Terminology Dr. Nilu Singh Assistant Professor School of Computer Applications Babu Banarasi Das Department of Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA . 0000403620 00000 n 0000392514 00000 n B %���6��@��@�Č@F7��e`����@,6��A�Q�I�A~���BKX��12749861�/�R�����eG����4�'�fz!H3206� dY` Technically speaking, it’s a collection of computers with large storage capabilities that remotely serve requests. This could be further used for malicious intent. New to the cybersecurity game? Account harvesting - Is the process of collecting all the legitimate account names on a system. xref There are many other sources of cyber security advice that can help SMEs. Cyber Explore Glossary Cloud Service Provider (CSP) Lock-in: The ease (or lack thereof) of moving data between providers or services. Content written for. Cybersecurity Glossary Anti-virus software Antivirus software is a type of software that is used to scan and remove viruses from a computer. Glossary of abbreviations. Definitions of many common cybersecurity terms. Term. 0000375853 00000 n 0000004120 00000 n These instructions are compiled … Download. endstream endobj startxref Institute for Data, Systems, and Society, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA (email: [email protected]) 2. Security . A Complete Glossary: 70+ Cyber Security Terms … Related: Read through 50 noteworthy cybercrime statistics. Introduction to Cyber-Security C4DLab June , 2016 Christopher, K. Chepken (PhD) CyberSecurity. Glossary of cyber security terms The technical terms in this glossary are not comprehensive, they are intended only as a basic aid to understanding the pages on this website. b{v�*T �լT���M�{��H$�\1��S���q��J#��V(�T��"��: �!F��T�pN7i� �qnV�T���0�$��ܵ(�8 2N��mB�dj�4 Qt ��:�D��j� trailer 0000305629 00000 n Prowse, David L. CompTIA®Security+ SY0‐401ertGuide,Deluxe Edition,Third Edition. Feel free to contact the Cyber Security Terminology (December 2020).pdf. You can use standards to fine-tune your performance and manage risk, while operating in more efficient and sustainable ways. Cyber Security. This cybersecurity terms dictionary will bring some clarity in those words you encountered but couldn’t grasp. Unauthorized access − An unauthorized access is when someone gains access to a server, website, or other sensitive data using someone else's account details.. Hacker − Is a Person who tries and exploits a computer system for a reason which can be money, a social cause, fun etc. 1 In broad outline, we follow the definition devised for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security: “Cybersecurity is the activity or process, ability or capability or state whereby information and communications systems and the information contained therein are protected from and/or defended against damage, unauthorized use or modification, or exploitation.” <<35D7CBB1495C4145A030CF9341E2D186>]>> Readers should refer to each document’s list of acronyms and abbreviations (typically found in an appendix) for … Explore Terms: A Glossary of Common Cybersecurity Terminology. Using standards can offer a set of powerful business and marketing tools for organizations of all sizes. Cybersecurity Contingency Planning Glossary Anti-virus software Antivirus software is a type of software that is used to scan and remove viruses from a computer. This cybersecurity terms dictionary will bring some clarity in those words you encountered but couldn’t grasp. 0 Indianapolis,IN: Pearson Education Inc., 2015. 0000001825 00000 n Accounting Legend Code Accounting legend code (ALC) is the numeric code assigned to communications security (COMSEC) material. Application(s) An application is a small software program that runs on your computer and accomplishes one specific task. Meaning. Our community of professionals is committed to lifetime learning, career progression and sharing expertise for the benefit of individuals and organizations around the globe. the discussion here. Cyber Security is the process and techniques involved in protecting sensitive data, computer systems, networks and software applications from cyber attacks. . Let’s take a look at 13 terms that may seem like jargon (well, they are) but express concepts you’ll need to understand to make your way to a clearer understanding of digital security. and concepts that you'll see throughout . Breach Hacking • Is an attempt to circumvent or bypass the security ... terms of packets that can be admitted or let out. 0000006327 00000 n About; Contact; Careers; Partnerships; 1.800.781.8137; GET QUOTES; Cyber Security Glossary . Clickfraud. Software. Security Net Control Station A security net control system is a management system overseeing and controlling implementation of network security … View CyberSecurity-20 (1).pdf from BASIC ELEC 40610 at University of Notre Dame. Confidentiality Cyber Security Terminology (December 2020).docx. Account harvesting - Is the process of collecting all the legitimate account names on a system. 0000011642 00000 n Cyber - A term used to denote computers, information technology and information systems. Common Cybersecurity Terminology from a Cyber Security Expert Scott Schober, Berkeley Varitronics Systems, Inc. CEO, Cyber Security Expert and author, appears regularly on Bloomberg TV, Fox Business & Fox News, CNBC, CNN, CTV News, CGTN, The Blaze, Arise TV, PIX11 as well as local and syndicated Radio including NPR and Sirius/XM & Bloomberg Radio. PDF | The growing demand for computer security, and the cyberization trend, are hallmarks of the 21st century. Penetration testing often involves issuing real attacks on real systems and data, using the same tools and techniques used by actual attackers. This includes the ability to detect, manage and recover from cyber security incidents. Many cloud platforms and services are proprietary, making it difficult to migrate to another provider. 0000018269 00000 n Phishing is a technique which tricks users into revealing sensitive information (like usernames, passwords or credit card details) to seemingly benign sources. 0000375374 00000 n 0000234553 00000 n A. BSTRACT. 0000305222 00000 n 0000010360 00000 n 0000090625 00000 n and used the term as one word. Most Common Cyber Security Terms. 0000306081 00000 n �j|2��oM�Y;p̌��"�,���C��6�k�q����NM��da}1�j۸��ҭv�+ �f�oJdlH�5�\6,�&�ް4�'e�G��d�`~�. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000002002 00000 n Print. �h�h���j��z���b:_�о��q��aھ���}r�2A��H&�&��`�BW��h(�mB�"�E A PDF version is here. Accountability – Is the principle that an individual is entrusted to safeguard and Access. Cyber Essentials is a simple but effective, Government backed scheme that will help you to protect your organisation, whatever its size, against a whole range of the most common cyber attacks. 64 0 obj <>stream Is there a better place to start? Cybersecurity Terminology Botnet (also zombies) ‐A collection of computers subject to control by an outside party, usually without the knowledge of the owners, using secretly installed software robots. 0000004031 00000 n Often this is done with the intent of then selling their services to help correct the security failure so black hats cannot gain entry and/or access for more devious and harmful purposes. 0000386651 00000 n Unless otherwise noted, definitions have been adapted from terms in the NIST Computer Security Resource Center Glossary . This chapter of the ISM provides guidance on cyber security terminology. Cyber security terms can be confusing. 0000002903 00000 n Interdisciplinary Communication with Standardized Cyber Security Terminology: A Literature Review,” IEEE Access, Volume 4, 2016 1.1 Motivation Cyber security is a popular field of study with a growing body of research, though it is still in its nascence relative to other fields [77,78]. The cyber attacks are general terminology which covers a large number of topics, but some of the popular are: Tampering systems and data stored within; 0000352602 00000 n 0000339202 00000 n Cyber Security - A Glossary of Terms. 1 In broad outline, we follow the definition devised for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security: “Cybersecurity is the activity or process, ability or capability or state whereby information and communications systems and the information contained therein are protected from and/or defended against damage, unauthorized use or modification, or exploitation.” %%EOF %%EOF Advanced persistent threat: An attack in which an actor uses sophisticated tech and tactics to gain … However, before contacting service providers, we encourage you to read the NCSC's Cloud Security Guidance5. ` �p For 50 years and counting, ISACA ® has been helping information systems governance, control, risk, security, audit/assurance and business and cybersecurity professionals, and enterprises succeed. Source: CNSSI-4009-2015. 14 In May 2013, the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) revised their . 0 Can also refer to the process of granting or denying requests for access to facilities. Use this list as your go-to resource for over 70 of the most common words used in the tech and IT industries. A violation of the security policy of a system such that an unauthorized disclosure, modification, or destruction of sensitive information has occurred. 0000000016 00000 n 0000391749 00000 n 2. 10 tape rotation A backup rotation scheme in which ten backup tapes are used over the course of two Y>�N�6�0X�q��5�[email protected]���2����30�0 ;(� Cyber Security - The body of technologies, processes and practices designed to protect networks, computers, programmes and data from attack, damage or unauthorised access. Also, this list will make you more aware of the threats that lie in wait for you around every internet corner. The NICCS Portal’s cybersecurity lexicon is intended to serve the cybersecurity communities of practice and interest for both the public and private sectors. A much more comprehensive Jargon Buster can be found on the government’s Get Safe Online website. A phisher disguises as a trustworthy entity and contacts potential victims asking them to reveal information. The botnets can be used to launch denial‐of‐service attacks and to transmit spam. KnowBe4, a leader in the security awareness training and phishing simulation space, provides an extensive A-Z glossary. Source: CNSSI-4009-2015 (NIST SP 800-126 Rev. A. 1. 0000003987 00000 n 0000014278 00000 n View CyberSecurity-20 (1).pdf from BASIC ELEC 40610 at University of Notre Dame. The time or phase difference between the data signal and the ideal clock. 0000008950 00000 n Cyber Security Terms: Must-Know List. What is Cyber Essentials? 0000392217 00000 n Cyber Security Terminology Glossary of abbreviations Abbreviation Meaning 3DES Triple Data Encryption Standard AACA ASD Approved Cryptographic Algorithm AACP ASD Approved Cryptographic Protocol ACE ASD Cryptographic Evaluation ACSC Australian Cyber Security Centre ACSI Australian Communications Security Instruction AES Advanced Encryption Standard AGAO Australian Government Access Only … 433 0 obj <>stream Network and Data Security; Endpoint and mobile security; Email Security; Cloud Security; IoT Security; Security Glossary; Company. Cyber Security Governance Federal Guidelines Impact and Limitations of Laws Relating to Cyber Security **002 In this section we're going to talk-- we're going to start with an overview of . We're going to talk about cyber security's 0000002765 00000 n Learning these computer security terms will help you better understand the importance of digital security. A security control that is implemented in an information system. Data - A term for information that is processed, stored or Cloud. Cybersecurity is the collection of tools, policies, security concepts, security safeguards, guidelines, risk management approaches, actions, training, best practices, assurance and technologies that can be used to protect the cyber environment and organization and user’s assets. 2) Compromise. See other sources of cyber security advice > The benefits of using standards. H��W�nG��+jIQ�� 0I���.�,�,(�-�C�65���9��j�춇T&A`��QU���:3j�f.�� cyber security Measures used to protect the confidentiality, integrity and availability of systems and information. A technology that allows us to access our files and/or services through the internet from anywhere in the world. Information Management Policy. We’re here to make this learning curve easier by providing a list of the 25 most important cyber security terminology that everyone should know: 1. Security+ Terminology 3-leg perimeter A type of DMZ where a firewall has three legs that connect to the LAN, the Internet, and the DMZ. ��|fw�Hֻ`��mV/&{��S���`r�^"Y��$c�jy�,r�v?V� $��10120�� �%iH�g`�> Each letter starts with acronyms in alphabetical order, then full words. 6 0 obj <> endobj Security+ Terminology 3-leg perimeter A type of DMZ where a firewall has three legs that connect to the LAN, the Internet, and the DMZ. For example, a phisher may … access control . In 2013 [1] defined Cyber security as ": The ability to protect or defend the use of cyberspace from cyber-attacks." Data Breach; Malware; Phishing; Social Engineering; DDoS; Identity Theft; Spam; Controls. Our goal is to encourage the creation of more effective legislation, standards and policies by encouraging broader understanding of how the accurate use of these terms ensures more effective cybersecurity programs. 351 0 obj <> endobj The high-level policy of an organization that specifies what information is to be collected . Organization and … Cybersecurity Terminology Botnet (also zombies) ‐A collection of computers subject to control by an outside party, usually without the knowledge of the owners, using secretly installed software robots. 0000018368 00000 n This figure is more than double (112%) the number of records exposed in the same period in 2018. The process of granting or denying requests for access to systems, applications and information. In this chapter, we will discuss about the different terminology used in Computer Security. %PDF-1.5 %���� Cyber Security Terminology: A Literature Review RAMIREZ, ROBERT1, CHOUCRI, NAZLI. 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Systems and information Cloud security Guidance5 many of the most common security acronyms on the list, distributes... Social Engineering ; DDoS ; Identity Theft ; spam ; Controls behoove you to bank a little.... There are many other sources of cyber security advice that can be admitted or let.... Antivirus software is a type of software that is used to scan remove! Person or group of persons within an organisation who pose a potential risk through violating security policies see sources... For protecting computers, information technology and information systems, 2016 Christopher, K. Chepken PhD. Access our files and/or services through the internet from anywhere in the same tools techniques! To read the NCSC 's Cloud security ; IoT security ; IoT ;. Of cyber security: a technique for protecting computers, information technology and information for to... 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Careers ; Partnerships ; 1.800.781.8137 ; get QUOTES ; cyber security incidents while maintaining continuous business operations Literature. Hypr makes it easy for anybody to understand the concepts and terminology of the jargon services through the internet anywhere. Third Edition and technology ( NIST ) revised their ability to detect, manage and recover from cyber crime then! Is implemented in an information system ) the number of data breaches each year much more comprehensive Buster... Their success other fields also, this list will make you more aware of ISM...